Gardner's Multiple Intelligence theory is a very useful model for developing a systematic approach to nurturing and teaching children and honoring their individual needs and strengths within a classroom setting. The theory of Multiple Intelligence includes the notion that each person is smart in all seven types of intelligence. Every person is smart to varying degrees of expertise in each of the intelligence, stronger in some ways and less developed in others.
Here is brief about the eight different ways of being Smart, The ninth Intelligence has been recently added.
1) Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence
The capacity to use language to express what’s on your mind and to understand other people. They think in words more than in pictures.
2) Logical/Mathematical Intelligence
Good at reasoning, recognizing patterns and analyze problems logically. They are good at understanding and solving complex computations and also have excellent problem solving skills.
3) Musical Intelligence
The ability to think in music; to relate to patterns, rhythms, recognize them, and perhaps manipulate them.
4) Visual/Spatial Intelligence
Good at expressing things visually. They can retain information when presented visually. They prefer looking at maps for directions rather than reading them.
5) Body/Kinesthetic Intelligence
They mostly express through movement. They have profound sense of eye-hand coordination and balancing. They can remember and process information when given their space and movement.
6) Interpersonal Intelligence
Those who have strong interpersonal intelligence are good understanding and interacting with other people. These individuals are skilled at assessing the emotions, motivations, desires and intentions of those around them.
7) Intrapersonal Intelligence
Individuals who are strong in intrapersonal intelligence are good at being aware of their own emotional states, feelings and motivations. They tend to enjoy self-reflection. They understand their inner feelings, dreams, relationships with others, and strengths and weaknesses.
8) Naturalistic Intelligence
They learn best by studying the natural phenomenon, in a natural setting, learning about how things work.
9) Existential Intelligence
The latest among the intelligence developed by Howard Gardner is Existential Intelligence. The ability to pose (and ponder) questions about life, death, and ultimate realities.